25 August 2012

Constitution Ratified in Aftermath

Shay’s Rebellion and the Constitution by Mary Hull, 2000, Excerpts

During the 1780s, mob in New Jersey, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia all protested debtor courts and attacked tax collectors. Anarchy threatened to undermine the fledgling nation everywhere. The confrontation at the Springfield arsenal in January 1787 was the high point in a series of yeoman protests and Regulator conflicts that became known to history as Shays’ Rebellion.

After Shays’ Rebellion, state governments became even more convinced that the national government needed to be stronger in order to prevent further insurrections. Alexander Hamilton was one of the political leaders who pushed for a stronger federal government in the wake of Shays’ Rebellion. He had long argued that the Articles of Confederation was inadequate and needed to be revised to give more power to the federal government.

By the summer of 1788, the Constitution had been ratified by nine states and was officially adopted as the new governing document for the United States. Shays’ Rebellions had played a vital role in the creation of the United States Constitution.  The fear the rebellion had evoked helped the Federalists in their crusade for a stronger government. The memory of Shays’ Rebellion and fear of other possible rebellions pushed many people who might otherwise have rejected a stronger national government to accept one.

24 August 2012

House of Dolls – Joy Division - WWII

House of Dolls by Ka-tzetnik 135633, 1955, Excerpts

Here, every day, at two o’clock, German soldiers, on their way to the Russian front, came from the nearby transit depots to entertain themselves with the girls of the Doll House. The girls had to put their all into the satisfaction of their esteemed guests. During Enjoyment Duty she roams through the blocks, craving to draw attention of the German guests. If such a guest was not satisfied with the “enjoyment,” he had only to report it, on leaving, in the orderly room and give the girl’s breast number. After three such ”reports” the girl was automatically doomed.

Sinners with three such “reports” were led out, usually with the arrival of a new transport, to the Execution Square, where Elsa, the Master Kalefactress, cleansed the sin out of their bodies. Sin Purgation it was called. Here, when a girl was flogged she was not permitted to return to the Joy Division. The purgated bodies were tossed on the van and off to the crematorium: Let the other maidens of paradise behold and beware of sin.

Feld-Hure: Field Whore

Strippers look to GOP to 'make it rain'
23 Aug 2012
Many clubs have taken out ads inviting GOP delegates "to party like a liberal" in a city where the "poles are open all night." At convention time, even upstanding men seem to seek out undressed women. Many male convention-goers, regardless of political stripe, are drawn to the sexual underground. Across town, at a club quaintly named Thee DollHouse, they're finishing a $1.5 million face-lift. Waitresses and shot girls sport red, white and blue Wonder Woman corsets. And the porn star known for her resemblance to a certain former vice-presidential candidate -- Lisa Ann of Hustler's "Nailin' Paylin" videos -- has been signed for a "stimulating keynote undress." 

Atrocity by Policy

Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland by Christopher R. Browning, 1993, Excerpts

Atrocity by Violence
Soldiers who are inured to violence, numbed to the taking of human life, embittered over their own casualties, and frustrated by the tenacity of an insidious and seemingly inhuman enemy sometimes explode to have their revenge at the first opportunity. Atrocities of this kind do not represent official government policy. Despite the hate-filled propaganda of each nation, such atrocities still represent a breakdown in discipline and the chain of command. They are not “standard operating procedure.”

War, and especially race war, leads to brutalization, which leads to atrocity. When deeply embedded negative racial stereotypes are added to the brutalization inherent in sending armed men to kill one another on a massive scale, the fragile tissue of war conventions and rules of combat is even more frequently and viciously broken on all sides.

Atrocity by Policy
Atrocity fully expressing official government policy is decidedly “standard operating procedure.” These are not the spontaneous explosions or cruel revenge of brutalized men, but the methodically executed policies of government. War is the most conducive environment in which governments can adopt “atrocity by policy” and encounter few difficulties in implementing it.

Both kinds of atrocity occur in the brutalizing context of war, but the men who carry out “atrocity by policy” are in a different state of mind. They act not out of frenzy, bitterness, and frustration but with calculation. The men of Reserve Police Battalion 101, in implementing the systematic Nazi policy of exterminating European Jewry, belong to the “atrocity by policy” category. The men of the battalion had not seen battle or encountered a deadly enemy. Most of them had not fired a shot in anger or ever been fired on, much less lost comrades fighting at their side. Distancing, not frenzy and brutalization, is key to the behavior of Reserve Police Battalion 101. War and negative racial stereotypes were two mutually reinforcing factors in this distancing.

Reserve Police Battalion 101

House of Dolls by Ka-tzetnik 135633, 1955, Excerpts

It may very well be that at home Hentschel has a wife and children; it is possible that he is careful to go to church every Sunday; perhaps in the circle of his family, relatives, friends, Hentschel is known as a meek, modest person; is first to say “hello” to everyone, gets up for a lady on the streetcar. It may be that until war broke out Hentshcel was employed as a competent, reliable clerk in a construction company, and every morning, at exactly the same time, his wife prepared him a ham sandwich for brunch; and every morning, at exactly the same time, he gave her a good-by peck on the brow before leaving for work. But here, in Camp Labor Via Joy, Hentschel swims day in, day out in a sea of blood, in an inferno of human misery for which no language in the world has the idiom.

When Hentschel flogged – and Hentshcel flogged to death – it was never discernable on his moon face whether he was doing it out of annoyance, or hatred, or for the sadistic fun of it. He was like a machine brought here to kill, and kill he does with exemplary precision. With those very hands he daily crushes young, quivering girlish lives.